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3/11/2019

How to Take Screenshots in Windows 10 - Howrite Blog

  • A screen capture is a picture taken of whatever's on your screen. Today we're demonstrating how to take a screen capture in Windows.



You can take a screen capture on pretty much any stage, and taking screen captures in Windows is the same. It has a worked in choice that works incredible for essential undertakings, yet some outsider projects offer more usability and highlights. In this article I'll demonstrate to you a couple of various approaches to take a screen capture in Windows 10.

  • Stage One: Take Speedy Screen captures with Print Screen (PrtScn)

The Print Screen catch on your console can take a screen capture and spare it as a record, take a screen capture without sparing it as a document, or take a screen capture of just a single window (rather than the entire screen). The print screen catch might be marked as "PrtScn," "PrntScrn," "Print Scr," or something comparative. On most consoles, the catch is generally found among F12 and Parchment Lock. On workstation consoles, you may need to press the "Capacity" or "Fn" key to get to the Print Screen include. When you press the key, it will look like nothing occurred, however the screen capture has been spared to your clipboard.

  • To Save Your Screenshot as a File

Press the "Windows logo key + PrtScn." In case you're utilizing a tablet, press the "Windows logo catch + volume down catch." On certain PCs and different gadgets, you may need to press the "Windows logo key + Ctrl + PrtScn" or "Windows logo key + Fn + PrtScn" keys. Check your workstation's manual for more data. 

The screen will diminish for a minute, and you will see the screen capture show up as a document in an organizer entitled "Screen captures", inside your default "Pictures" envelope. The screen capture is naturally named with a number.


You will only see your screen dim if you have the “Animate windows when minimizing and maximizing” turned on in your visual effects settings (System > Advanced system settings > Click the Advanced tab > Click Settings under Performance section).
























  • To Take a Screenshot Without Saving
Press the “PrtScn” key. A screenshot of your display is now copied to the clipboard. Open your favorite image editor, word processor, or other program you want to use the image in. Choose Edit > Paste to paste the screenshot wherever you like. The dimensions of the image will be the same as your desktop resolution. Note: On some laptops and other devices, you may need to press the “Alt + Fn + PrtScn” keys instead. Check your laptop’s manual for more information.

  • To Take a Screenshot of Only One Window
Click on the title bar of the window that you want to capture. Press “Alt + PrtScn”. A screenshot of your currently active window will be copied to the clipboard, just as in the last section. Paste it into your favorite image editor or document editor. Note: On some laptops and other devices, you may need to press the “Alt + Fn + PrtScn” keys instead. Check your laptop’s manual for more information.

  • To Take a Screenshot of Part of Your Screen
Press “Windows + Shift + S”. Your screen will appear grayed out and your mouse cursor will change. Click and drag on your screen to select the part of your screen you want to capture. A screenshot of the screen region you selected will be copied to your clipboard. You can paste it in any application by selecting Edit > Paste or pressing Ctrl + V, just as you’d paste a full-screen shortcut taken with the Print Screen key.

This only works in Windows 10’s Creators Update. On older versions of Windows, this shortcut is part of Microsoft’s OneNote application. With the Creators Update, Microsoft integrated this shortcut into Windows 10 itself.

  • Strategy Two: Take Progressively Adaptable Screen captures with Cutting Device
The Clipping device has been a piece of the Windows for long time. This apparatus was first incorporated into Windows Vista, and never got any new highlights separated from few bug fixes. Cutting device can take screen captures of an open window, rectangular region, a freestyle region, or the whole screen. You can clarify your cuts with various hued pens or a highlighter, spare it as a picture or MHTML record, or email it to a companion. 

Cutting Apparatus in Windows Vista, 7, and 8 has one constraint: it can't catch screen captures that include mouse developments. To catch something that includes mouse development, similar to spring up menus and tooltips, you should utilize the Print Screen technique. 

In Windows 10, Cutting Apparatus has another "Deferral" choice, which will enable you to catch screen captures spring up menus and tooltips. Open the Cutting Instrument application and snap Deferral. Starting from the drop list, click on the quantity of seconds you'd like to hold up until your screen capture is taken.


















Now choose the type of snip you want to make by clicking the arrow next to “New.” You can choose from one of four types of snip: free-form, rectangular, window, and full-screen.
















Unlike a regular snip, the screen will not immediately fade out. Instead, you will have between 1–5 seconds, depending on the delay you chose, to set up your screenshots. You can use this time to open that pop-up menu or tooltip you want to capture. Once your seconds have passed, the screen will freeze and fade out so you can create your snip. If you chose window or full-screen, it will just capture the snip immediately.

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HTML Styles - CSS

CSS = Styles and Colors

Manipulate Text
Colors,  Boxes


Styling HTML with CSS

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets.
CSS describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on screen, paper, or in other media.
CSS saves a lot of work. It can control the layout of multiple web pages all at once.
CSS can be added to HTML elements in 3 ways:
  • Inline - by using the style attribute in HTML elements
  • Internal - by using a <style> element in the <head> section
  • External - by using an external CSS file
The most common way to add CSS, is to keep the styles in separate CSS files. However, here we will use inline and internal styling, because this is easier to demonstrate, and easier for you to try it yourself.
Tip: You can learn much more about CSS in our CSS Tutorial.

Inline CSS

An inline CSS is used to apply a unique style to a single HTML element.
An inline CSS uses the style attribute of an HTML element.
This example sets the text color of the <h1> element to blue:

Example

<h1 style="color:blue;">This is a Blue Heading</h1>

Internal CSS

An internal CSS is used to define a style for a single HTML page.
An internal CSS is defined in the <head> section of an HTML page, within a <style> element:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
body {background-color: powderblue;}
h1   {color: blue;}
p    {color: red;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

External CSS

An external style sheet is used to define the style for many HTML pages.
With an external style sheet, you can change the look of an entire web site, by changing one file!
To use an external style sheet, add a link to it in the <head> section of the HTML page:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
</head>
<body>

<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>
An external style sheet can be written in any text editor. The file must not contain any HTML code, and must be saved with a .css extension.
Here is how the "styles.css" looks:
body {
  background-color: powderblue;
}
h1 {
  color: blue;
}
{
  color: red;
}

CSS Fonts

The CSS color property defines the text color to be used.
The CSS font-family property defines the font to be used.
The CSS font-size property defines the text size to be used.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
h1 {
  color: blue;
  font-family: verdana;
  font-size: 300%;
}
p  {
  color: red;
  font-family: courier;
  font-size: 160%;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

CSS Border

The CSS border property defines a border around an HTML element:

Example

{
  border: 1px solid powderblue;
}

CSS Padding

The CSS padding property defines a padding (space) between the text and the border:

Example

{
  border: 1px solid powderblue;
  padding: 30px;
}

CSS Margin

The CSS margin property defines a margin (space) outside the border:

Example

{
  border: 1px solid powderblue;
  margin: 50px;
}

The id Attribute

To define a specific style for one special element, add an id attribute to the element:
<p id="p01">I am different</p>
then define a style for the element with the specific id:

Example

#p01 {
  color: blue;
}
Note: The id of an element should be unique within a page, so the id selector is used to select one unique element!

The class Attribute

To define a style for special types of elements, add a class attribute to the element:
<p class="error">I am different</p>
then define a style for the elements with the specific class:

Example

p.error {
  color: red;
}

External References

External style sheets can be referenced with a full URL or with a path relative to the current web page.
This example uses a full URL to link to a style sheet:

Example

<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://www.w3schools.com/html/styles.css">
This example links to a style sheet located in the html folder on the current web site:

Example

<link rel="stylesheet" href="/html/styles.css">
This example links to a style sheet located in the same folder as the current page:

Example

<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
You can read more about file paths in the chapter HTML File Paths.

Chapter Summary

  • Use the HTML style attribute for inline styling
  • Use the HTML <style> element to define internal CSS
  • Use the HTML <link> element to refer to an external CSS file
  • Use the HTML <head> element to store <style> and <link> elements
  • Use the CSS color property for text colors
  • Use the CSS font-family property for text fonts
  • Use the CSS font-size property for text sizes
  • Use the CSS border property for borders
  • Use the CSS padding property for space inside the border
  • Use the CSS margin property for space outside the border

HTML Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Use CSS to set the background color of the document (body) to yellow.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
 
  :yellow;

</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>My Home Page</h1>

</body>
</html>

HTML Style Tags

TagDescription
<style>Defines style information for an HTML document
<link>Defines a link between a document and an external resource

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1/16/2019

CSS Backgrounds

The CSS background properties are used to define the background effects for elements.
CSS background properties:
  • background-color
  • background-image
  • background-repeat
  • background-attachment
  • background-position

Background Color

The background-color property specifies the background color of an element.
The background color of a page is set like this:

Example

body {
  background-color: lightblue;
}
With CSS, a color is most often specified by:
  • a valid color name - like "red"
  • a HEX value - like "#ff0000"
  • an RGB value - like "rgb(255,0,0)"
Look at CSS Color Values for a complete list of possible color values.
In the example below, the <h1>, <p>, and <div> elements have different background colors:

Example

h1 {
  background-color: green;
}

div {
  background-color: lightblue;
}

{
  background-color: yellow;
}

Background Image

The background-image property specifies an image to use as the background of an element.
By default, the image is repeated so it covers the entire element.
The background image for a page can be set like this:

Example

body {
  background-image: url("paper.gif");
}
Below is an example of a bad combination of text and background image. The text is hardly readable:

Example

body {
  background-image: url("bgdesert.jpg");
}
Note: When using a background image, use an image that does not disturb the text.

Background Image - Repeat Horizontally or Vertically

By default, the background-image property repeats an image both horizontally and vertically.
Some images should be repeated only horizontally or vertically, or they will look strange, like this:

Example

body {
  background-image: url("gradient_bg.png");
}
If the image above is repeated only horizontally (background-repeat: repeat-x;), the background will look better:

Example

body {
  background-image: url("gradient_bg.png");
  background-repeat: repeat-x;
}
Tip: To repeat an image vertically, set background-repeat: repeat-y;

Background Image - Set position and no-repeat

Showing the background image only once is also specified by the background-repeat property:

Example

body {
  background-image: url("img_tree.png");
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
}
In the example above, the background image is shown in the same place as the text. We want to change the position of the image, so that it does not disturb the text too much.
The position of the image is specified by the background-position property:

Example

body {
  background-image: url("img_tree.png");
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  background-position: right top;
}

Background Image - Fixed position

To specify that the background image should be fixed (will not scroll with the rest of the page), use the background-attachment property:

Example

body {
  background-image: url("img_tree.png");
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  background-position: right top;
  background-attachment: fixed;
}

Background - Shorthand property

To shorten the code, it is also possible to specify all the background properties in one single property. This is called a shorthand property.
The shorthand property for background is background:

Example

body {
  background: #ffffff url("img_tree.png") no-repeat right top;
}
When using the shorthand property the order of the property values is:
  • background-color
  • background-image
  • background-repeat
  • background-attachment
  • background-position
It does not matter if one of the property values is missing, as long as the other ones are in this order.

All CSS Background Properties

PropertyDescription
backgroundSets all the background properties in one declaration
background-attachmentSets whether a background image is fixed or scrolls with the rest of the page
background-clipSpecifies the painting area of the background
background-colorSets the background color of an element
background-imageSets the background image for an element
background-originSpecifies where the background image(s) is/are positioned
background-positionSets the starting position of a background image
background-repeatSets how a background image will be repeated
background-sizeSpecifies the size of the background image(s)


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